For contributors

Referencing Guide

The website adheres to the Harvard referencing style which is made up of two main components, [1] in-text citation throughout the text and [2] a reference list at the end. Besides, in form of footnotes you can also add explanatory comments to the main text of the manuscript (your footnotes will be automatically converted to endnotes in the published version of the article).

1. Citation system: Citations (i. e. referencing sources used for your paper) in the text should follow the so called in-text citation system (also known as author-date system), that is minimal source information (author’s last name, date of publication and page(s) indicating the relevant part of the cited text if necessary) inserted directly into the text itself, surrounded by parentheses (the rest of the source information should be detailed in a list of references at the end of the paper, see below).

  • Example: (Marcou 2016, 18)
  • Example inserted in the main text:
    “Although the degree of liberalization and the level of national autonomy obviously differs sector by sector (Marcou 2016, 18), similar tendencies or at least a step towards the above direction can be seen in other fields, as well.”

EndnotesPlease use footnotes if you want to add explanatory comments to the main text of the manuscript. Explanatory comments are not source citations but other additional remarks (definitions, supplementary information, opinion of other scholars etc.) to the main text. Please minimize the number and length of these notes!

2. Reference list: References at the end of the article should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).


  • Reference to a journal publication:

Boswell, C. (2008). The Political Functions of Expert Knowledge: Knowledge and Legitimation in European Union Immigration Policy. Journal of European Public Policy 15(4): 471–488.

  • Reference to a book:

Sullivan, H. & Skelcher, C. (2002). Working across Boundaries: Collaboration in Public Services. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Solinis, G., & Baya-Laffite, N. (Eds.). (2011). Mapping Out the Research-Policy Matrix. Paris: UNESCO

  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Marcou, G. (2016). The Impact of EU Law on Local Public Service Provision: Competition and Public Service. In Wollmann, H., Koprić, I., & Marcou, G. (Eds.), Public and Social Services in Europe: From Public and Municipal to Private Sector Provision. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 13–26

Horváth, T. M. (2016). From Municipalisation to Centralism: Changes to Local Public Service Delivery in Hungary. In Wollmann, H., Koprić, I., & Marcou, G. (Eds.), Public and Social Services in Europe: From Public and Municipal to Private Sector Provision. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 185–199

  • Reference to a newspaper article or blog post:

Stevis, M. & Thomas, A.(2015). Greek, German Tensions Turn to Open Resentment as Referendum Looms. The Wall Street Journal, July 4, 2015, [accessed February 10, 2016]

Terauda, V. (2016). A Crisis In Confidence. Why the EU can be a force for positive change in the Western Balkans and reverse the crisis. Recent Changes in Governing Public Goods & Services. Website of the MTA-DE Public Service Research Group. June 16, 2016, [accessed December 20, 2015]

  • Reference to online sources:

[As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. The URL may also be given as a clickable hyperlink (we prefer this form in case of long URLs, see the first example below). Any further information, if known (title of the document/article, author or publishing organization names, dates, DOI, etc.), should also be given.]

OECD (2009). Improving the Quality of Regulations: Policy Brief. [accessed October 7, 2015]

Hall, D. (2012). Re-municipalising Municipal Services in Europe. A report commissioned by EPSU to Public Services International Research Unit (PSIRU). [accessed July 17, 2015]

Banks, G. (2009). Evidence-Based Policy-Making: What Is It? How Do We Get It? Speech delivered at the Australian and New Zealand School of Government/ Australian National University Lecture Series, February 4. news-media/speeches/cs20090204 [accessed September 16, 2014]