European Union

Brexit: Happy Marriage and Divorce

  • Brexit: Happy Marriage and Divorce

    This article focuses on one of the most essential challenges for the European Union – Brexit, a process in motion since June 2016 and still shrouded in uncertainty. It is predicted that the UK will leave the European Union on March 29, 2019. However, no one knows yet how and by what conditions this "divorce" shall take place, and even whether it is truly inevitable: according to a recent ruling of the European Court of Justice, the United Kingdom could decide to unilaterally reverse the withdrawal process. Read more...  (Giorgi Gogokhia)

„That ship has sailed...?” the UK should be able to change its mind about Brexit, according to the Advocate General

„To be, or not to be [in the EU]”? News in the Polish judicial reform battle

  • „To be, or not to be [in the EU]”? News in the Polish judicial reform battle

    The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ordered the Polish government to immediately halt its ongoing reform of Poland’s Supreme Court – in a move that puts further pressure on the already strained ties between Brussels and Warsaw about a month ago (on 19 October). The ECJ said that Polish authorities must suspend implementing its April 2018 “Law on the Supreme Court”: to reinstate all of the Supreme Court judges who were forced to retire under the law and to refrain from any further attempt to replace them. Read more... (Petra Ágnes Kanyuk)

„Whatever it Takes to Preserve the Euro...?” Advocate General backs ECB’s bond-buying programme

Effect of Brexit On International Commercial Arbitration

  • Effect of Brexit On International Commercial Arbitration

    International Commercial Arbitration is an essential alternate mode of dispute resolution accompanied by the gradual liberalization of national arbitration laws in international trade. The following contribution aims to analyze the impact of Brexit on International Commercial Arbitration and how it will affect enforcement of awards. The jurisdiction clauses designating English courts and parallel proceedings with English courts are expected to raise intricate legal questions subject to many uncertainties subsequent to an effective Brexit. Read more... (Gauri Nirwal)

Limiting the ne bis in idem principle for the protection of the financial interests of the EU and the financial markets thereof

  • Limiting the ne bis in idem principle for the protection of the financial interests of the EU and the financial markets thereof

    In a recent set of judgments, the Court of Justice of the European Union established that the principle of ne bis in idem may be limited for the purpose of protecting the financial interests of the EU and the financial markets thereof, as long as such a limitation does not exceed what is strictly necessary to achieve these objectives. The legal principle, recognized both by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and by the European Convention on Human Rights, states that a person cannot be criminally prosecuted or punished twice for the same offence. Read more... (Dániel Szilágyi)

Difficult neighbourhood? Key developments and future perspectives in Belarus‒EU Relations

  • Difficult neighbourhood? Key developments and future perspectives in Belarus‒EU Relations

    For approximately twenty-five years, Belarus and the EU have been faced with plenty of challenges throughout the number of attempts to establish a solid ground for building the stable bilateral relations. Being one of the countries neighbouring the EU, Belarus has commonly been assumed as the key actor in reducing tensions in the region, associated with the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. As the result, Belarus’s efforts towards maintaining the stability in the Eurasian region have considerably altered the EU strategy towards this country. Read more... (Iryna Bahanenka)

Good, but not enough – the U.S. trio need to do more to fully comply with EU consumer rules

The European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport company

  • The European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport company

    On 20 December 2017, the European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport services company. (The decision is a major setback for Uber, which has long insisted that it should be treated as technology service that connects drivers and riders; in other words, the Court placed itself on the side of traditional taxis. This definition will require the company to use only licensed taxi drivers, as well as meet other strict regulations linked to health and safety and background checks on drivers on its digital platform. Read more... (Petra Ágnes Kanyuk)

Foreign Direct Investments and International Tribunals: Why the connection is important?

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