European Union

Limiting the ne bis in idem principle for the protection of the financial interests of the EU and the financial markets thereof

  • Limiting the ne bis in idem principle for the protection of the financial interests of the EU and the financial markets thereof

    In a recent set of judgments, the Court of Justice of the European Union established that the principle of ne bis in idem may be limited for the purpose of protecting the financial interests of the EU and the financial markets thereof, as long as such a limitation does not exceed what is strictly necessary to achieve these objectives. The legal principle, recognized both by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and by the European Convention on Human Rights, states that a person cannot be criminally prosecuted or punished twice for the same offence. Read more... (Dániel Szilágyi)

Difficult neighbourhood? Key developments and future perspectives in Belarus‒EU Relations

  • Difficult neighbourhood? Key developments and future perspectives in Belarus‒EU Relations

    For approximately twenty-five years, Belarus and the EU have been faced with plenty of challenges throughout the number of attempts to establish a solid ground for building the stable bilateral relations. Being one of the countries neighbouring the EU, Belarus has commonly been assumed as the key actor in reducing tensions in the region, associated with the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. As the result, Belarus’s efforts towards maintaining the stability in the Eurasian region have considerably altered the EU strategy towards this country. Read more... (Iryna Bahanenka)

Good, but not enough – the U.S. trio need to do more to fully comply with EU consumer rules

The European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport company

  • The European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport company

    On 20 December 2017, the European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport services company. (The decision is a major setback for Uber, which has long insisted that it should be treated as technology service that connects drivers and riders; in other words, the Court placed itself on the side of traditional taxis. This definition will require the company to use only licensed taxi drivers, as well as meet other strict regulations linked to health and safety and background checks on drivers on its digital platform. Read more... (Petra Ágnes Kanyuk)

Foreign Direct Investments and International Tribunals: Why the connection is important?

An Atypical Marriage in Labour Law – Coupling Atypical Forms of Employment with the Sphere of Labour Inspections

Erasmus+ Funding Instruments for Social Inclusion in the Field of Education, Training and Youth

  • Erasmus+ Funding Instruments for Social Inclusion in the Field of Education, Training and Youth

    The Erasmus+ Programme, the European Commission’s current programme supporting education, training, youth and sport in Europe, aims to provide a total of €14.7 billion in funding in these policy areas between 2014 and 2020. Since the adoption of the Paris Declaration in 2015, the programme began allocating specific funding to innovative transnational cooperation projects promoting social inclusion. The aim of this note is twofold: firstly, to examine this specific priority and the projects selected for funding in greater detail, and secondly, to explore the potential of other Erasmus+ actions for the facilitation of social inclusion. Read more... (Dániel Szilágyi)

The right to education of vulnerable social groups in the European Union

  • The right to education of vulnerable social groups in the European Union

    The first appearance of the concept of vulnerable social groups in a European legal context can be traced back to the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights. The expression was originally usedin relation to the Romani minority, however, in later decisions, the forum drew attention to the vulnerability of several different groups – among others, the mentally disabled, people living with HIV and asylum seekers. The recognition of vulnerability simultaneously requires special measures taken to protect the interests of those affected. Read more... (Dániel Szilágyi)

Feasibility of green auctions in the Marosszög, Hungary

  • Feasibility of green auctions in the Marosszög, Hungary

    A major goal within the 2013 reform of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is “greening” of farming activities (that is land use change to environmentally more beneficial farming practices). The CAP provides direct incentives for such activities by means of green subsidies. This note summarise the results of an "auction game" testing the farmer's motivation for using one of the specific instruments of that greening policy. Read more... (András Kis and Gábor Ungvári)

Commission Publishes Guidance On The Notion Of State Aid

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