European Union

The European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport company

  • The European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport company

    On 20 December 2017, the European Court of Justice has ruled that Uber is a transport services company. (The decision is a major setback for Uber, which has long insisted that it should be treated as technology service that connects drivers and riders; in other words, the Court placed itself on the side of traditional taxis. This definition will require the company to use only licensed taxi drivers, as well as meet other strict regulations linked to health and safety and background checks on drivers on its digital platform. Read more... (Petra Ágnes Kanyuk)

Foreign Direct Investments and International Tribunals: Why the connection is important?

An Atypical Marriage in Labour Law – Coupling Atypical Forms of Employment with the Sphere of Labour Inspections

Erasmus+ Funding Instruments for Social Inclusion in the Field of Education, Training and Youth

  • Erasmus+ Funding Instruments for Social Inclusion in the Field of Education, Training and Youth

    The Erasmus+ Programme, the European Commission’s current programme supporting education, training, youth and sport in Europe, aims to provide a total of €14.7 billion in funding in these policy areas between 2014 and 2020. Since the adoption of the Paris Declaration in 2015, the programme began allocating specific funding to innovative transnational cooperation projects promoting social inclusion. The aim of this note is twofold: firstly, to examine this specific priority and the projects selected for funding in greater detail, and secondly, to explore the potential of other Erasmus+ actions for the facilitation of social inclusion. Read more... (Dániel Szilágyi)

The right to education of vulnerable social groups in the European Union

  • The right to education of vulnerable social groups in the European Union

    The first appearance of the concept of vulnerable social groups in a European legal context can be traced back to the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights. The expression was originally usedin relation to the Romani minority, however, in later decisions, the forum drew attention to the vulnerability of several different groups – among others, the mentally disabled, people living with HIV and asylum seekers. The recognition of vulnerability simultaneously requires special measures taken to protect the interests of those affected. Read more... (Dániel Szilágyi)

Feasibility of green auctions in the Marosszög, Hungary

  • Feasibility of green auctions in the Marosszög, Hungary

    A major goal within the 2013 reform of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is “greening” of farming activities (that is land use change to environmentally more beneficial farming practices). The CAP provides direct incentives for such activities by means of green subsidies. This note summarise the results of an "auction game" testing the farmer's motivation for using one of the specific instruments of that greening policy. Read more... (András Kis and Gábor Ungvári)

Commission Publishes Guidance On The Notion Of State Aid

EU Steps Up Pressure On Hungary Over Its Land Act Restrictions